Research

Published Articles:

The Social Dynamics of Collective Action: Evidence from the Diffusion of the Swing Riots, 1830-31
Journal of Politics, 2021 (online). (with Toke Aidt and Max Satchell)
(Published version)(Working paper version)(Online appendix)
Media: Monkey Cage, The Washington Post

The Interaction of Structural Factors and Diffusion in Social Unrest: Evidence from the Swing Riots
British Journal of Political Science, 2021 (online). (with Toke Aidt)
(Published version)(Working paper version)(Online appendix)
Media: Monkey Cage, The Washington Post

Feudalism, Collaboration and Path Dependence in England’s Political Development
British Journal of Political Science,  50(2), 511-533, 2020.
(Published version)(Working paper version)

The Coup: Competition for Office in Authoritarian Regimes
Oxford Handbook of Public Choice, eds. Roger Congleton, Bernard Grofman and Stefan Voigt, Oxford University Press, 2019. (with Toke Aidt)
(Published version) (Working paper version)

The Democratic Window of Opportunity: Evidence from Riots in sub-Saharan Africa
Journal of Conflict Resolution 60(4), 694-717, 2016. (with Toke Aidt)
(Published version)(Working paper version)

Loyalty for Sale? Military Spending and Coups d’Etat
Public Choice 159, 363-383, 2014.
(previously circulated under the title The Economic Causes of Coups)
(Published version) (Working paper version) (Online appendix)

Soldiers or Politicians? Institutions, Conflict and the Military’s Role in Politics
Oxford Economic Papers 66, 533-556, 2014.
(Published version) (Working paper version) (
Online appendix)

Strategic Redistribution: The Political Economy of Populism in Latin America
European Journal of Political Economy 34, 39-51, 2014.
(Published version) (Working paper version)

Bad Apples: Political Paralysis and the Quality of Politicians
Journal of Public Economic Theory 15(3), 433-447, 2013.
(Published version) (Working paper version)

Articles in Progress:

Non-Binding Formal Institutions, Collective Action and Democratization
(Abstract)

Gentrification and the Causes of Social Unrest: Evidence from the 2011 London Riots (with Juta Kawalerowicz)
(Abstract)

How Urban Riots Influence Political Behaviour: Vote Choices after the 2011 London Riots (with Peter John)
(Abstract)

Street-Level Autocrats: Private Preferences and the Logic of Nonviolent Revolutions (with Marianne Dahl, Scott Gates and Håvard Mokleiv Nygård)
(Abstract)

Franchise Extensions and Political Activism: Petitioning in the Aftermath of the Great Reform Act (with Toke Aidt)
(Abstract)